Two studies identify a detectable, pre-cancerous state in the blood

Biology News - Wed, 2014-11-26 19:23

Researchers from the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Harvard Medical School, and Harvard-affiliated hospitals have uncovered an easily detectable, "pre-malignant" state in the blood that significantly increases the likelihood that an individual will go on to develop blood cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma, or myelodysplastic syndrome. The discovery, which was made independently by two research teams affiliated with the Broad and partner institutions, opens new avenues for research aimed at early detection and prevention of blood cancer. Findings from both teams appear this week in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Categories: Biology News, General

New book list, November 26, 2014

Ernst Mayr Library Blog - Wed, 2014-11-26 15:37

Alfred Russel Wallace: explorer, evolutionist, public intellectual – a thinker for our own times?

By Ted Benton. Manchester, UK: Siri Scientific Press, c2013. HOLLIS# 014173576
QH31.W2 B46 2013

Animal weapons: the evolution of battle.

By Douglas J. Emlen; illustrated by David J. Tuss. First edition. New York, New York: Henry Holt and Company, 2014. HOLLIS# 014232794
QL940.E45 2014

Arthropod fauna of the United Arab Emirates. Volume 5.

Editor, Antonius van Harten. Abu Dhabi: Dar Al Ummah, c2008- . HOLLIS# 011987914
QL434.56.U5 A78 2008 v. 5

Beach-spawning fishes: reproduction in an endangered ecosystem.

By Karen L.M. Martin, Pepperdine University, Malibu, California, USA. Boca Raton: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, [2015]. HOLLIS# 014228454
QL639.2.M37 2015

Biomolecular feedback systems.

By Domitilla Del Vecchio, Richard M. Murray. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, [2015]. HOLLIS# 014228455
QH508.D45 2015

Birds of New Guinea.

By Thane K. Pratt and Bruce M. Beehler; with editorial contributions by K. David Bishop, Brian J. Coates, Jared M. Diamond, and Mary LeCroy; illustrated by John C. Anderton and Szabolcs Kokay and James Coe and Dale Zimmerman. Second edition. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, [2015]. HOLLIS# 014228458
QL691.N48 B44 2015

The birds of Pandemonium: life among the exotic and the endangered.

By Michele Raffin. First edition. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill, 2014. HOLLIS# 014228467
QL676.56.C2 R34 2014

Carnivores of Australia: past, present and future.

Edited by A.S. Glen and C.R. Dickman. Collingwood, Vic. CSIRO Publishing, [2014]. HOLLIS# 014228470
QL737.C2C346 2014x [e-book]

Creatures of the deep: in search of the sea’s monsters and the world they live in.

By Erich Hoyt. Second edition, updated and expanded. Richmond Hill, Ontario; Buffalo, New York: Firefly Books Ltd.,2014. HOLLIS# 014228480
QL125.5.H69 2014

Ecology of wildfire residuals in boreal forests.

By Ajith H. Perera and Lisa J. Buse (Ontario Forest Research Institute, Sault St. Marie, Ontario, Canada). Chichester, West Sussex; Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2014. HOLLIS# 014228483
QH545.F5 P47 2014

The evolution of insect mating systems.

Edited by David M. Shuker and Leigh W. Simmons. First Edition. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press; [St. Albans]: The Royal Entomological Society, 2014. HOLLIS# 014228491
QL495.E92 2014

Forests and globalization: challenges and opportunities for sustainable development.

Edited by William Nikolakis and John Innes. Abingdon, Oxon; New York: Routledge, 2014. HOLLIS# 014228498
SD387.S87 F68 2014

Foundations of museum studies: evolving systems of knowledge.

By Kiersten F. Latham and John E. Simmons. Santa Barbara, California: Libraries Unlimited, an imprint of ABC-CLIO, LLC, [2014]. HOLLIS# 014228502
AM5.L38 2014

Free-ranging cats: behavior, ecology, management.

By Stephen Spotte. Chichester, West Sussex, UK; Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Blackwell, 2014. HOLLIS# 014228503
SF450.S66 2014

Genotype-by-environment interactions and sexual selection.

Edited by John Hunt and David Hosken. Chichester, West Sussex, UK; Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Blackwell, 2014. HOLLIS# 014228507
QL761.G46 2014

The hunt for the golden mole: all creatures great and small, and why they matter.

By Richard Girling. London: Chatto & Windus, 2014. HOLLIS# 014151353
QL82.G47 2014

In search of lost frogs: the campaign to rediscover the world’s rarest amphibans.

By Robin Moore. Richmond Hill, Ontario; Buffalo, New York: Firefly Books, 2014. HOLLIS# 014228510
QL668.E2 M66 2014

Insect histology: practical laboratory techniques.

By Pedro Barbosa, Deborah L. Berry, Christina S. Kary. Second edition. Chichester, West Sussex; Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014. HOLLIS# 014228512
QL464.B34 2014

Insect morphology and phylogeny: a textbook for students of entomology.

By Rolf G. Beutel, Frank Friedrich, Si-Qin Ge, Xing-Ke Yang. Berlin; New York: De Gruyter, [2013]. HOLLIS# 014224222
QL494.B483 2013

Late Ordovician ostracods of the Girvan district, South-west Scotland.

By Mohibullah Mohibullah, Mark Williams & Jan Zalasiewicz. London: Palaeontographical Society, 2014. HOLLIS# 014227666
QE817.O8 M65 2014

Life on display: revolutionizing U.S. museums of science and natural history in the twentieth century.

By Karen A. Rader, Victoria E.M. Cain. Chicago; London: The University of Chicago Press, 2014. HOLLIS# 014228518
QH70.U6 R33 2014

Lower Jurassic foraminifera from the Llanbedr (Mochras farm) Borehole, North Wales, UK.

By Philip Copestake & Ben Johnson. London: Palaeontographical Society, 2014. HOLLIS# 014227677
QE772.C66 2014

Malacofauna pliocenica Toscana. Vol. 10: Pteriomorphia Beurlen, 1894.

By C. Chirli; [fotografia, Enrico Ulivi]. Firenze: C. Chirli, [1997]- . HOLLIS# 007803888
QE801.C44 1997 v. 10

Marine biodiversity conservation: a practical approach.

By Keith Hiscock. Abingdon, Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge, 2014. HOLLIS# 014228520
QH91.8.B6 H57 2014

Migration: the biology of life on the move.

By Hugh Dingle, Professor Emeritus of Entomology, University of California at Davis, USA. Second edition. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2014. HOLLIS# 014228536
QL754.D515 2014

Molecular and cellular physiology of neurons.

By Gordon L. Fain with Thomas O’Dell; illustrations by Margery J. Fain. Second edition. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2014. HOLLIS# 014020509
QP363.F35 2014

Natural biomarkers for cellular metabolism: biology, techniques, and applications.

Edited by Vladimir V. Ghukasyan, Ahmed A. Heikal. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, [2015]. HOLLIS# 014228543
R853.B54 N38 2015

Planet of the bugs: evolution and the rise of insects.

By Scott Richard Shaw. Chicago; London: The University of Chicago Press, 2014. HOLLIS# 014224225
QL468.7.S53 2014

Principles of developmental genetics.

Edited by Sally A. Moody. 2nd edition. London: Elsevier Academic Press, 2015. HOLLIS# 014228556
QH453.P756 2015

Progress toward restoring the Everglades: the fifth biennial review, 2014.

By Committee on Independent Scientific Review of Everglades Restoration Progress, Water Science and Technology Board, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council of the National Academies. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press, 2014. HOLLIS# 014228568
QH105.F6 N37 2014

Tales from Gombe.

By Anup Shah and Fiona Rogers. Richmond Hill, Ontario: Firefly Books Ltd., 2014. HOLLIS# 014228579
QL737.P96 S46 2014

The terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island, Western Australia.

Edited by Nihara R. Gunawardene, Jonathan D. Majer, Christopher K. Taylor, and Mark S. Harvey. Perth: Western Australian Museum, 2013. HOLLIS# 014233945
QL339.W4 T47 2013

The tree of life: evolution and classification of living organisms.

Edited by Pablo Vargas, Real Jardin Botánico, Madrid, Spain; Rafael Zardoya, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid, Spain ; translated by Anne Louise. Sunderland, Massachusetts, U.S.A.: Sinauer Associates, Inc. Publishers, [2014]. HOLLIS# 014228584
QH366.2.A7313 2014

Urban entomology: insect and mite pests in the human environment.

By William H. Robinson. 1st ed. London; New York: Chapman & Hall, 1996. HOLLIS# 007602962
QL472.7.R63 1996

The wild cat book.

By Fiona Sunquist and Mel Sunquist; with photos by Terry Whittaker and others. Chicago; London: University of Chicago Press, [2014]. HOLLIS# 014228610
QL737.C23 S862 2014

Woodpeckers of the world: a photographic guide.

By Gerard Gorman. Richmond Hill, Ontario; Buffalo, New York: Firefly Books, 2014. HOLLIS# 014228615
QL696.P56 G67 2014

Categories: General

Gates Foundation announces world’s strongest policy on open access research

Nature Newsblog - Fri, 2014-11-21 13:39

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has announced the world’s strongest policy in support of open research and open data. If strictly enforced, it would prevent Gates-funded researchers from publishing in well-known journals such as Nature and Science.

On 20 November, the medical charity, of Seattle, Washington, announced that from January 2015, researchers it funds must make open their resulting papers and underlying data-sets immediately upon publication — and must make that research available for commercial re-use. “We believe that published research resulting from our funding should be promptly and broadly disseminated,” the foundation states. It says it will pay the necessary publication fees (which often amount to thousands of dollars per article).

The Foundation is allowing two years’ grace: until 2017, researchers may apply a 12-month delay before their articles and data are made free. At first glance, this suggests that authors may still — for now — publish in journals that do not offer immediate open-access (OA) publishing, such as Science and Nature. These journals permit researchers to archive their peer-reviewed manuscripts elsewhere online, usually after a delay of 6-12 months following publication.

Allowing a year’s delay makes the charity’s open-access policy similar to those of other medical funders, such as the Wellcome Trust or the US National Institutes of Health (NIH). But the charity’s intention to close off this option by 2017 might put pressure on paywalled journals to create an open-access publishing route.

However, the Gates Foundation’s policy has a second, more onerous twist which appears to put it directly in conflict with many non-OA journals now, rather than in 2017. Once made open, papers must be published under a license that legally allows unrestricted re-use — including for commercial purposes. This might include ‘mining’ the text with computer software to draw conclusions and mix it with other work, distributing translations of the text, or selling republished versions.  In the parlance of Creative Commons, a non-profit organization based in Mountain View, California, this is the CC-BY licence (where BY indicates that credit must be given to the author of the original work).

This demand goes further than any other funding agency has dared. The UK’s Wellcome Trust, for example, demands a CC-BY license when it is paying for a paper’s publication — but does not require it for the archived version of a manuscript published in a paywalled journal. Indeed, many researchers actively dislike the thought of allowing such liberal re-use of their work, surveys have suggested. But Gates Foundation spokeswoman Amy Enright says that “author-archived articles (even those made available after a 12-month delay) will need to be available after the 12 month period on terms and conditions equivalent to those in a CC-BY license.”

Most non-OA publishers do not permit authors to apply a CC-BY license to their archived, open, manuscripts. Nature, for example, states that openly archived manuscripts may not be re-used for commercial purposes. So do the American Association for the Advancement of ScienceElsevier and Wiley and many other publishers (in relation to their non-OA journals).

“It’s a major change. It would be major if publishers that didn’t previously use CC-BY start to use it, even for the subset of authors funded by the Gates Foundation. It would be major if publishers that didn’t previously allow immediate or unembargoed OA start to allow it, again even for that subset of authors. And of course it would be major if some publishers refused to publish Gates-funded authors,” says Peter Suber, director of the Office for Scholarly Communication at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

“You could say that Gates-funded authors can’t publish in journals that refuse to use CC-BY. Or you could say that those journals can’t publish Gates-funded authors. It may look like a stand-off but I think it’s the start of a negotiation,” Suber adds — noting that when the NIH’s policy was announced in 2008, many publishers did not want to accommodate all its terms, but now all do.

That said, the Gates Foundation does not leave as large a footprint in the research literature as the NIH. It only funded 2,802 research articles in 2012 and 2013, Enright notes; 30% of these were published in open access journals. (Much of the charity’s funding goes to development projects, rather than to research which will be published in journals).

The Gates Foundation also is not clear on how it will enforce its mandate; many researchers are still resistant to the idea of open data, for instance. (And most open access mandates are not in fact strictly enforced; only recently have the NIH and the Wellcome Trust begun to crack down). But Enright says the charity will be tracking what happens and will write to non-compliant researchers if needs be. “We believe that the foundation’s Open Access Policy is in alignment with current practice and trends in research funded in the public interest.  Hence, we expect that the policy will be readily understood, adopted and complied with by the researchers we fund,” she says.

Categories: General, News
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