Game-playing software holds lessons for neuroscience

Nature - 1 hour 43 min ago

Game-playing software holds lessons for neuroscience

Nature 518, 7540 (2015).

Author: Elizabeth Gibney

DeepMind computer provides new way to investigate how the brain works.

Categories: General, Nature

A tale of two dwarf planets

Nature - 1 hour 43 min ago

A tale of two dwarf planets

Nature 518, 7540 (2015).

Author: Alex Witze

Graphical guide to the NASA missions that will provide the first close looks at Ceres and Pluto.

Categories: General, Nature

Planetary science: The Pluto siblings

Nature - 1 hour 43 min ago

Planetary science: The Pluto siblings

Nature 518, 7540 (2015).

Author: Alexandra Witze

Leslie and Eliot Young have spent their lives studying Pluto. Now they are gearing up for the biggest event of their careers.

Categories: General, Nature

Smart crystallization

Eureka Alert! - 11 hours 28 min ago
(International Union of Crystallography) The first semi-liquid, non-protein nucleating agent for automated protein crystallization trials is described. This 'smart material' is demonstrated to induce crystal growth and will provide a simple, cost-effective tool for scientists in academia and industry.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

Mutation may cause early loss of sperm supply

Eureka Alert! - 11 hours 28 min ago
(Brown University) Problems in a gene responsible for producing the protein TAF4b leave mice -- and maybe men -- unable to sustain sperm production. As embryos, mice lacking the protein failed to develop an adequate number of key cells in the sperm production process and as adults they quickly lost their initial fertility.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

The environment may change, but the microbiome of queen bees does not

Eureka Alert! - 11 hours 28 min ago
(North Carolina State University) Researchers have characterized the gut microbiome of honey bee queens. This is the first thorough census of the gut microbiome -- which consists of all the microorganisms that live in the gut of the organism -- in queen bees.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

Why nitrate supplementation may increase athletic performance

Eureka Alert! - 11 hours 28 min ago
(Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology) Walk down the aisles of any food supplement store and you'll see that the use of nitrate supplements by athletes and fitness buffs has been popular for years. The hope is that these supplements will increase endurance, and possibly other performance/health benefits, by improving the efficiency at which muscles use oxygen. Now, a research study published in the March 2015 issue of The FASEB Journal helps explain how some of these supplements may work.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

Preventing metabolic disease may start in the womb... of your grandmother

Eureka Alert! - 11 hours 28 min ago
(Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology) No one wants to have child who is born underweight, but for numerous reasons, this may be unavoidable. An intriguing research report involving rats suggests that helping fetuses achieve optimal weight before birth is of even greater importance than currently believed.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

Researchers identify the mitochondrial 'shield' that helps cancer cells survive

Eureka Alert! - 11 hours 28 min ago
(Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology) Scientists have moved closer to understanding why cancer cells can be so resilient, even when faced with the onslaught of nearly toxic drug cocktails, radiation, and even our own immune systems. A new research report appearing in the March 2015 issue of The FASEB Journal shows that intermediate filaments formed by a protein called 'vimentin' or VIF, effectively 'insulate' the mitochondria in cancer cells from any attempt to destroy the cell.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

How is the membrane protein folded?

Eureka Alert! - 11 hours 28 min ago
(Hiroshima University) A key factor in the biosynthesis and stable expression of multi-pass transmembrane proteins was discovered at Hiroshima University, Japan. The factor works especially for multi-pass membrane proteins, in the integration of polypeptides into the membrane and/or protein folding. Loss of this factor is thought to cause retinal degeneration. So in the future, researchers hope their results will contribute to the development of next-generation medical care in the treatment of retinitis pigmentosa.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

VG Life Sciences granted key composition of matter patent

Eureka Alert! - 11 hours 28 min ago
(Viral Genetics, Inc.) VG Life Sciences, Inc., a biotechnology company developing therapies for autoimmune and infectious diseases, has been issued an important composition of matter patent covering methods for modulating immune system function through the targeting of CLIP. The US patent covers the targeted peptide technology underlying VG Life Sciences' VG1177, a synthetic peptide which has the ability to displace CLIP that plays a key role in chronic inflammation and autoimmune diseases, including HIV/AIDS, hypertension, preeclampsia and TBI.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

Patent awarded for compounds that inhibit biofilm formation and persistence

Eureka Alert! - 11 hours 28 min ago
(University of Maryland) University of Maryland researchers have developed chemical compounds that enhance the effectiveness of conventional antibiotics and inhibit the formation and persistence of biofilms. On Feb. 10, 2015, the researchers were awarded US Patent 8,952,192 for the compounds.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

Sall4 is required for DNA repair in stem cells

Eureka Alert! - 11 hours 28 min ago
(Rockefeller University Press) A protein that helps embryonic stem cells retain their identity also promotes DNA repair. The findings raise the possibility that the protein, Sall4, performs a similar role in cancer cells, helping them survive chemotherapy.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

Desmoplakin's tail gets the message

Eureka Alert! - 11 hours 28 min ago
(Rockefeller University Press) Cells control the adhesion protein desmoplakin by modifying the tail end of the protein, and this process goes awry in some patients with arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy, according to a new study.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

New views of enzyme structures offer insights into metabolism of cholesterol, other lipids

Eureka Alert! - 11 hours 28 min ago
(University of Michigan) With the aid of X-ray crystallography, researchers at the University of Michigan have revealed the structures of two closely related enzymes that play essential roles in the body's ability to metabolize excess lipids, including cholesterol.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

New book list, February 25, 2015

Ernst Mayr Library Blog - Thu, 2015-02-26 13:19

Amphibians & reptiles of Sanibel & Captiva Islands, Florida.
By Charles LeBuff and Chris Lechowicz; featuring the photography of Bill Love & Daniel Parker ; foreword by C. Kenneth Dodd., Jr., Ph. D. Fort Myers, Fla.: Amber Publishing; Sanibel, Fla.: Ralph Curtis Publishing, [2013]. HOLLIS# 014293844
QL653.F6L32 2013

The animal mind: an introduction to the philosophy of animal cognition.
By Kristin Andrews. Abingdon, Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge, 2015. HOLLIS# 014281014
QL785.A69 2015

Animalele de apă dulce și răspîndirea lor.
[De] G.D. Vasiliu [și] P. Bănărescu. București: Editura științifica, 1960. HOLLIS# 014288425
QH541.5.F7V37 1960

The anoles of honduras: systematics, distribution, and conservation.
By James R. McCranie and Gunther Köhler. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Museum of Comparative Zoology, 2015. HOLLIS# 014218390
QL666.L268M33 2015

An atlas of common nearshore marine fish larvae of the Hawaiian Islands.
By John M. Miller, William Watson, and Jeffrey M. Leis. Honolulu, Hawaii: University of Hawaii Sea Grant College Program, 1979. HOLLIS# 014288394
QL636.5.H3M54 1979

Australian high country raptors.
By Jerry Olsen. Collingwood, Vic.: CSIRO Publishing, [2014]. HOLLIS# 014281022
QL677.78.O57 2014

A biological survey of the Champlain watershed.Supplemental to Nineteenth annual report, 1929.
Albany, J.B. Lyon Co., printers, 1930. HOLLIS# 014288495
SH35.N7C4 1929

Catálogo de los moluscos continentales de Colombia.
[By] Edgar L. Linares & Mónica L. Vera.Bogotá: Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, 2012. HOLLIS# 014285266
QL424.C6L56 2012

Catalogue of the Masayo Kato insect collection, the University Museum, the University of Tokyo.Part 1,Hymenoptera.
Hirohiko Nagase, Kazushi Harada, Hayato Ito & Masaya Yago. Tokyo: Tokyo daigaku sogo kenkyu hakubutsukan, 2014. HOLLIS# 014299987
QL468.2.T64 2014a

A colour guide to familiar freshwater fishes.
By Jir̆í C̆ihar̆; illustrated by Jir̆í Maly̆; translated [from the Czech] by Daniela Coxon. London: Octopus Books, 1976. HOLLIS# 014287738
QL633.A1 C44 1976

The dismal state of the Great Lakes: an ecologist’s analysis of why it happened, and how to fix the mess we have made.
By James P. Ludwig. [Bloomington, IN]: Xlibris LLC,2013. HOLLIS# 014284302
QH104.5.G7L82 2013

Dog behaviour, evolution, and cognition.
By Ádám Miklósi (Department of Ethology, Eötvös University, Budapest). Second edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. HOLLIS# 014293947
QL795.D6 M44 2015

The Effects of power generation on some of the living marine resources of the Cape Cod Canal and approaches.
By W. Stephen Collings [and others].[Place of publication not identified] : Massachusetts Dept. of Fisheries, Wildlife and Recreational Vehicles, Division of Marine Fisheries, 1981.HOLLIS# 014288484
TD195.E4E55 1981

Elephant – the lady boss: ecology and management.
Dr. C.H. Basappanavar. Revised edition. Bengaluru, India: Vanasuma Prakashana, 2012. HOLLIS# 014129538
QL737.P98 B373 2012

Estudo das populações portuguesas do gén. Barbus cuvier, 1817 (Pisces, Cyprinidae).
[By] Carlos A. S. Almaça. Lisboa: [publisher not identified], 1967. HOLLIS# 014287655
QL638.C94A55 1967

The fishes of Oklahoma.
By Rudolph J. Miller and Henry W. Robison. Stillwater, Okla., Oklahoma State University Press, 1973. HOLLIS# 014287736
QL628.O5M646 1973

Fishes of the Delaware estuaries: a guide to the early life histories.
By Johnson C.S. Wang & Ronnie J. Kernehan. Towson, Md.: E A Communications, ©1979. HOLLIS# 014288388
QL628.D3W35 1979

Minami Shinakai no gyorui = Fishes of the South China Sea.Fishes of the South China Sea
Tōkyō: Kaiyō Suisan Shigen Kaihatsu Sentā, 1982. HOLLIS# 014288491
QL623.56.M56 1982

Fishes of the world.
Illustrated by Will Nickless and George Thompson. Maps by John Smith. New York, Grosset & Dunlap [1971]. HOLLIS# 014287739
QL617.C63 1971

Flora illustrata: great works from the LuEsther T. Mertz Library of the New York Botanical Garden.
Edited by Susan M. Fraser and Vanessa Bezemer Sellers; foreword by Gregory Long.Bronx, New York: New York Botanical Garden; New Haven : Yale University Press, 2014. HOLLIS# 014155396
QK98.3.N48 2014

Fundamentals of systems biology: from synthetic circuits to whole-cell models.
By Markus W. Covert. Boca Raton: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, [2015] HOLLIS# 014293949
QH313.C83 2015

Guide to northeast Pacific rockfishes: genera Sebastes and Sebastolobus.
By Donald E. Kramer and Victoria M. O’Connell.Rev. Aug. 1988.Fairbanks, Alaska : Alaska Sea Grant College Program, University of Alaska, [1988]. HOLLIS# 014287621
QL638.S42K71 1988

Important bird areas of Maharashtra: priority sites for conservation.
[Edited by] Asad R. Rahmani … [et al.] ; maps prepared by Mohit Kalra; layout and design by V. Gopi Naidu. Mumbai, India: BNHS, India ; Oxford; New York: Oxford, c2013. HOLLIS# 014293951
QL676.57.I4I47 2013

Indian snakes: a field guide.
By Neelimkumar Khaire. 1st ed. Pune: Jyotsna Prakashan, 2014. HOLLIS# 014132919
QL666.O6 K43 2014

Invasive species in a globalized world : ecological, social, and legal perspectives on policy.
Edited by Reuben P. Keller, Marc W. Cadotte, and Glenn Sandiford. Chicago; London: The University of Chicago Press, 2015. HOLLIS# 014281047
QH353.I593 2015

A life for reptiles and amphibians. Volume 1: A collection of 55 interviews on “How to become a herpetologist.”
By Fabrizio Li Vigni. Frankfurt am Main: Edition Chimaira, 2013- . HOLLIS# 014288500
QL641.L5 2013 v. 1

The map turtle and sawback atlas: ecology, evolution, distribution, and conservation.
By Peter V. Lindeman; foreword by Anders G.J. Rhodin. Norman : University of Oklahoma Press, [2013]. HOLLIS# 014293974

Marine biodiversity, climatic variability and global change.
By Grégory Beaugrand. Abingdon, Oxon; New York: Routledge, 2015. HOLLIS# 014281052
QH91.8.B6B427 2015

Marine faunal diversity in India: taxonomy, ecology and conservation.
Edited by Krishnamoorthy Venkataraman. London; San Diego, CA: Academic Press, an imprint of Elsevier, [2014]. HOLLIS# 014281059
QH183.M37 2014

Marine food and game fishes of California,
By John E. Fitch and Robert J. Lavenberg. Illus. by Evie Templeton. Photos. by Daniel W. Gotshall and Charles H. Turner. Berkeley, University of California Press, 1971.HOLLIS# 014287737
QL628.C2F47 1971

Naše ryby.
Josef Mihálik, František Reiser.Vyd. 3.V Praze: Státní zemědělské nakl., 1988. HOLLIS# 014288420
QL633.C95M54 1988

Nos ref di Koral=ons koraalrif = our coral reef.
By Dr. Bart A. de Boer. 2nd rev. ed. [Willemstad?]: Stichting Dierenbescherming Curaçao, 2010. HOLLIS# 014291860
QH92.4.D4 2010

Peces continentales neotropicales.
By Agustín Fernández-Yépez, [Caracas]: [publisher not identified], [19--?]. HOLLIS# 014287630
QL632.A1F36 v. 2

A primer in biological data analysis and visualization using R.
By Gregg Hartvigsen. New York: Columbia University Press, [2014]. HOLLIS# 014293981

Reptiles in research: investigations of ecology, physiology, and behavior from desert to sea.
Editor, William I. Lutterschmidt. Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2013. HOLLIS# 014293985

Ryby Okhotskogo mori͡a [Fishes of the Sea of Okhotsk].
[By] P. I͡U. Shmidt. Moskva: Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, 1950.HOLLIS# 014288498
QL623.S34 1950

Scientific results of the yacht Ara expeditions during the years 1926 to 1930, and yacht Alva world cruise, July 1931 to March 1932, and yacht Alva Mediterranean cruise, 1933, William K. Vanderbilt commanding. Fishes.
By N.A. Borodin. [Huntington, N.Y.]: Vanderbilt Oceanographic Museum, 1928-1934. HOLLIS# 014287670
QL618.15.B67 1928

Sea otters of Haida Gwaii: icons in human-ocean relations.
By N.A. Sloan & Dick Lyle. Queen Charlotte, BC: Archipelago Management Board; Skidgate, BC: Haida Gwaii Museum, c2012. HOLLIS# 014113082
HD9778.5.S4153 B8 2012

Studies on the sinistral flounders found in the waters around Japan: taxonomy, anatomy and phylogeny.
By Kunio Amaoka. Reprinted from the Journal of the Shomonoseki University of Fisheries, vol. 18, no. 2, November, 1969.HOLLIS# 014287678
QL638.P7 A48 1969

Theodore Thomson Flynn: not just Errol’s father.
By Tony & Vicki Harrison. Hobart, Tasmania: Anthony & Vicki Harrison, 2013. HOLLIS# 014284309
QH31.F59 H37 2013

Tropical aquariums, plants, and fishes.
[New and rev. ed.]. London, New York, Warne, [1954, ©1937]. HOLLIS# 014287740
SF457.W45 1954

Urban wildlife conservation: theory and practice.
By Robert A. McCleery, Christopher E. Moorman, M. Nils Peterson, editors. New York: Springer, [2014]. HOLLIS# 014281135
QH541.5.C6 U745 2014

Wild animal skins in Victorian Britain: zoos, collections, portraits, and maps.
By Ann C. Colley, State University College of New York at Buffalo, USA. Farnham, Surrey, England; Burlington, VT, USA : Ashgate, [2014]. HOLLIS# 014293989
QL67.C65 2014

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