General

Benefits of combo lipid emulsion no greater than soy-based emulsion for pediatric patients

Eureka Alert! - 3 hours 31 min ago
(American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.)) A systematic review of previously published studies found 'inadequate evidence' that combination lipid emulsions as compared with standard soybean oil lipid emulsion offer any greater benefit in bilirubin levels, triglyceride levels, or infection incidence in pediatric patients receiving intravenous feeding.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

Scripps president resigns after faculty revolt

Nature Newsblog - Tue, 2014-07-22 19:33

The president of the Scripps Research Institute intends to leave his post, according to a statement from Richard Gephardt, the chair of the institute’s board of trustees. The announcement came in the wake of a faculty rebellion against the president, Michael Marletta, who had attempted to broker a deal in which the La Jolla, California, research lab would be acquired by the University of Southern California for $600 million.

In the statement, posted on 21 July, Gephardt said that Marletta “has indicated his desire to leave TSRI” and that the board “is working with Dr. Marletta on a possible transition plan.”

Scripps Research Institute president Michael Marletta resigned after clashing with faculty over a proposed merger.

Scripps Research Institute

Scripps faculty see Marletta’s departure as a victory. They had been angered by the terms of the USC deal, which was scrapped on 9 July, and by the fact that Marletta did not consult with faculty during his negotiations with USC. Faculty told the Scripps board of trustees earlier this month that they had an almost unanimous consensus of no confidence in Marletta.

“I think we are more optimistic than we have been in many years, because we feel like we have some control over our own fate,” says Scripps biologist Jeanne Loring.

Loring said that at a meeting with a majority of Scripps faculty on 21 July, Gephardt indicated that the board had thought that Marletta was communicating with the faculty as he negotiated the USC deal. Gephardt also promised that faculty would involved in choosing Marletta’s successor.

Whoever replaces Marletta must find a way to close a projected $21 million budget gap this year left by the contraction of funding from the US National Institutes of Health and by the virtual disappearance of support from pharmaceutical companies, who had provided major support for Scripps until 2011.

How Scripps solves its funding issue will be watched by other independent institutes, which have been hard hit by the contraction in NIH dollars. Scripps’ neighbor institutes have brought in hundreds of millions of dollars in philanthropy, and many involved see that as part of the solution for Scripps as well. But, Loring says, “The funding that other institutes have gotten from philanthropy is going to be a short-term solution, because even though it seems like an awful lot of money, they have to spend it, so they will eventually be facing the same issues.”

Follow Erika on Twitter @Erika_Check.

 

Categories: General, News

Report on viruses looks beyond disease

Biology News - Tue, 2014-07-22 19:03

In contrast to their negative reputation as disease causing agents, some viruses can perform crucial biological and evolutionary functions that help to shape the world we live in today, according to a new report by the American Academy of Microbiology.

Categories: Biology News, General

Viral therapy could boost limb-saving cancer treatment

Biology News - Tue, 2014-07-22 19:03

Viruses designed to target and kill cancer cells could boost the effectiveness of chemotherapy to the arms and legs and help avoid amputation, a new study reports.

Categories: Biology News, General

Whole-genome sequencing of bulls in key beef and dairy breeds

Biology News - Tue, 2014-07-22 19:03


Prof. Ruedi Fries and Dr. Hubert Pausch monitor sequence data of breeding cattle. An international collaboration known as the '1000 Bull Genomes Project' aims to accelerate breeding for desired traits in beef and dairy cattle while also improving animal health and welfare. Results of the project's first phase -- based on sequencing the whole genomes of 234 individual bulls whose direct descendants number in the tens of millions -- are reported in the journal Nature Genetics.

Categories: Biology News, General

Vulnerability of sharks as collateral damage in commercial fishing shown by study

Science Daily: New Species - Tue, 2014-07-22 14:27
A new study that examined the survival rates of 12 different shark species when captured as unintentional bycatch in commercial longline fishing operations found large differences in survival rates across the 12 species, with bigeye thresher, dusky, and scalloped hammerhead being the most vulnerable.
Categories: General, Science Daily

African elephant genome suggests they are superior smellers

Science Daily: New Species - Tue, 2014-07-22 14:25
Sense of smell is critical for survival in many mammals. In a new study, researchers examined the olfactory receptor repertoire encoded in 13 mammalian species and found that African elephants have the largest number of OR genes ever characterized; more than twice that found in dogs, and five times more than in humans.
Categories: General, Science Daily

São Paulo state joins mega-telescope

Nature Newsblog - Tue, 2014-07-22 12:41

The Giant Magellan Telescope received a boost today when Brazil’s São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) confirmed its plans to join the project. The $880-million facility, some components of which have already been built, is one of three competing mega-telescopes that will study the skies in the next decade.

Approving plans reported by Nature in February, the richest state in Brazil confirmed on 22 July that it would contribute US$40 million toward membership of the GMT, which is managed by a consortium of institutions in the United States, Australia and South Korea.

São Paulo researchers might not be the only ones to benefit. FAPESP scientific director Carlos Henrique de Brito Cruz told Nature’s news team that negotiations between the foundation and the Ministry of Science and Technology of Brazil were “well advanced to share these costs and allow astronomers from all states of Brazil to have access to the telescope”. If that plan goes ahead, the ministry will refund part of the costs to FAPESP.

Although a boon for Brazilian astronomers, the move could raise concerns for advocates of the Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT), which is being built by the European Southern Observatory in Chile. ESO has begun blasting the top off the 3,000-metre peak of Cerro Armazones where the E-ELT will be based, but is reliant on funding from Brazil’s federal government to enter the main construction phase. In 2010 Brazil agreed to contribute €270 million (US$371 million) to ESO over a decade, but the deal has yet to be ratified and remains held up in legislative committees.

Some legislators may see the GMT agreement as a cheaper way for Brazil’s astronomers to access a future mega-telescope, even though the ESO deal also allows access to existing observatories in Chile. However Beatrice Barbuy, head of the Astronomical Society of Brazil’s ESO committee, says the plans are still moving ahead. She adds that they had stalled in recent months due to the country hosting the FIFA World Cup and staff going on winter vacations, but discussions were likely get underway again in August.

The 25-metre GMT, to be built at the Carnegie Institution for Science’s Las Campanas Observatory in Chile, is scheduled to begin operations in 2020. It is designed to have six times the collecting power of the largest existing observatories and 10 times the resolution of NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope. The agreement is expected to secure São Paulo a 4% stake in the GMT project, guaranteeing 4% of observation time for Brazilian astronomers each year, as well as representation on the consortium’s decision-making board.

The GMT, E-ELT and a third planned next-generation ground-based observatory, the Thirty Meter Telescope proposed to be built in Mauna Kea in Hawaii, are intended to address similar science questions. Astronomers hope to use the huge light-collecting capacity of the telescopes to explore planets outside our Solar System, study supermassive black holes and galaxy formation, and unravel the nature of dark matter and dark energy.

Categories: General, News

New book list, July 9, 2014

Ernst Mayr Library Blog - Thu, 2014-07-10 14:03

Animal science reviews 2010.
Edited by David Hemming. Wallingford, Oxfordshire; Cambridge, MA : CABI, c2011. HOLLIS# 012901204
SF61.A55 2011

Animals of West Africa.
By G. S. Cansdale. London, Longmans, Green, [1946]. HOLLIS# 014105714
QL337.W4 C25 1946

Biology of aging.
By Roger B. McDonald. New York: Garland Science, [2014]. HOLLIS# 014105504
QH608.M33 2014

Borneo writing and related matters.
Edited by Tom Harrisson [and Benedict Sandin]. Kuching: Sarawak Museum, 1966. HOLLIS# 004644739
GN635.B6 B67 1966

Cambro-Ordovician studies V.
Edited by John R. Laurie, John R. Paterson & Glenn A. Brock. Canberra: Association of Australasian Palaeontologists, 2014. HOLLIS# 014107614
QE726.C363 2014

Checklisten der Fauna Österreichs. No. 7, Ciliophora.
By Erna Aescht. Herausgegeben von Reinhart Schuster; Serienherausgeber Hans Winkler & Tod Stuessy. Wien: Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2004- HOLLIS# 009696223
QL261.C44 2004 no. 7

Deep metazoan phylogeny: the backbone of the tree of life, new insights from analyses of molecules, morphology, and theory of data analysis.
Edited by J. Wolfgang Wägele, Thomas Bartholomaeus. Boston: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG, [2014]. HOLLIS# 014019852
QH367.5.D445 2014

Dōbutsu no kokoro. [Japanese translation of Animal minds].
By Donald Griffin. Tōkyō: Seidosha, 1995. HOLLIS# 014105716
QL785.G71517 1995

Djuren på skansen.
Stockholm: Nordiska Museet, 1930. HOLLIS# 014105713
QL606.55.S73 J48 1930

Ecology and conservation of tropical marine faunal communities.
By K. Venkataraman, C. Sivaperuman, C. Raghunathan, editors. Heidelberg; New York: Springer, [2013]. HOLLIS# 013934531
QL309.E26 2013eb [e-book]

The evolution of human intelligence: proceedings of workshop.
Foundation for the future. Bellevue, WA: The Foundation, c2000. HOLLIS# 014105715
GN281.4.F68 2000

The glaciers of the Alps & Mountaineering in 1861.
By John Tyndall. London: J.M. Dent & Co.; New York: E.P. Dutton & Co., 1906. HOLLIS# 003179135
DQ823.T95 1906

The Global Taxonomy Initiative: documenting the biodiversity of Africa: proceedings of a workshop held at the Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden, Cape Town, South Africa (27 February–1 March 2001).
Editors R.R. Klopper, G.F. Smith & A.C. Chikuni Pretoria: National Botanical Institute, 2001. HOLLIS# 008855357
QH77.A35 G56 2001x

A guide to Mexican mammals & reptiles.
By N. Pelham Wright. [2d ed.]. México: Editorial Minutiae Mexicana, c1970. HOLLIS# 014105718
QL722.W75 1970

Handbook of anatomy: being a complete compend of anatomy, including the anatomy of the viscera, a chapter on dental anatomy, numerous tables, and incorporating the newer nomenclature adopted by the German Anatomical Society, generally designated the Basle nomenclature, or BNA.
By James K. Young. 6th rev. ed. Philadelphia: Davis, 1929, c1923. HOLLIS# 001047386
QM28.Y75 1929

Handbuch der Paläoherpetologie. Encyclopedia of paleoherpetology. Part 3A2.
Hrsg. von Oskar Kuhn, unter Mitarbeit von R. M. Appleby [et al.]. Stuttgart, New York, G. Fischer, 1969- . HOLLIS# 000676119
QE861.H3 1969 Pt. 3A2

Handbook of meta-analysis in ecology and evolution.
Edited by Julia Koricheva, Jessica Gurevitch, and Kerrie Mengersen. Princeton: Princeton University Press, [2013]. HOLLIS# 013714721
QH541.15.S72 H36 2013

An introduction to the study of insects.
[By] Donald J. Borror [and] Dwight M. De Long. New York, Rinehart, [1954]. HOLLIS# 014105709
QL463.B69 1954

Microbe hunters.
By Paul De Kruif. New York: Blue Ribbon Books, c1926. HOLLIS# 001397684
QR31.A1 D41 1926

On the origin of autonomy: a new look at the major transitions in evolution.
By Bernd Rosslenbroich. Cham [Switzerland]; New York: Springer, [2014]. HOLLIS# 014072543
QH371.5.R67 2014

Paleonutrition: method and theory in prehistoric foodways.
By Elizabeth S. Wing, Antoinette B. Brown. New York: Academic Press, c1979. HOLLIS# 000976877
GN407.W56 1979

Review of the proposal for the Gulf long-term follow-up study: highlights from the September 2010 workshop: workshop report.
By Lynn Goldman, Abigail Mitchell, and Margie Patlak, editors. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press, c2010. HOLLIS# 012735422
GC1221.R485 2010eb [e-book]

Studies on fossil and recent cephalopods.
Wissenschaftliche Redaktion: Björn Berning & Alexander Lukeneder; [Herausgeber: Oberösterreichisches Landesmuseum, Gerda Ridler]. Linz: Oberösterreichisches Landesmuseum Linz, 2014. HOLLIS# 014105697
QE806.S78 2014

Through space & time.
By James Jeans. New York: Macmillan; Cambridge: University Press, c1934. HOLLIS# 014105712
Q162.J42 1934

Wild creatures: a pageant of the untamed.
Text by Franklin Russell; photos. by Anthony Bannister … [et al.] ; photos. assembled and edited by Milton Rugoff and Ann Guilfoyle. New York: Simon and Schuster, [1975]. HOLLIS# 014105719
QL46.R87 1975

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