General

Have our bodies held the key to new antibiotics all along?

Biology News - Wed, 2014-10-01 15:52

As the threat of antibiotic resistance grows, scientists are turning to the human body and the trillion or so bacteria that have colonized us — collectively called our microbiota — for new clues to fighting microbial infections. They've logged an early success with the discovery of a new antibiotic candidate from vaginal bacteria, reports Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society.

Categories: Biology News, General

ZEB1, Oscar for leading role in fat storage

Biology News - Wed, 2014-10-01 15:52

The process of adipogenesis made clear by identifying the precise proteins that play the leading roles in fat absorption

And the winner is ... ZEB1! There are many actors involved in the process of adipogenesis, used by the body to store the fat that it absorbs from food. Up to now there had been some uncertainty as to how it was regulated. Yet, understanding this mechanism is of crucial importance to prevent the diseases related to fat accumulation in adipose tissue.

Categories: Biology News, General

Botany: Forensic chemistry could stop plant thieves

Nature - Wed, 2014-10-01 13:45

Botany: Forensic chemistry could stop plant thieves

Nature 514, 7520 (2014). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/514017a

Author: Linda Nordling

Scientists hope to save rare cycads using isotope analysis.

Categories: General, Nature

Astronomy: To catch a cosmic ray

Nature - Wed, 2014-10-01 13:45

Astronomy: To catch a cosmic ray

Nature 514, 7520 (2014). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/514020a

Author: Katia Moskvitch

The Pierre Auger Observatory in Argentina has spent almost ten years looking for the source of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays — but to no avail. Now the observatory faces an uncertain future.

Categories: General, Nature

The first South Americans: Extreme living

Nature - Wed, 2014-10-01 13:45

The first South Americans: Extreme living

Nature 514, 7520 (2014). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/514024a

Author: Barbara Fraser

After humans arrived in South America, they quickly spread into some of its most remote corners.

Categories: General, Nature

Resources: Curb vast water use in central Asia

Nature - Wed, 2014-10-01 13:45

Resources: Curb vast water use in central Asia

Nature 514, 7520 (2014). doi:10.1038/514027a

Author: Olli Varis

Irrigation-intensive industries in former Soviet republics have sucked water bodies dry. Olli Varis calls for economic reform to ease environmental and social tensions.

Categories: General, Nature

Climate policy: Ditch the 2 °C warming goal

Nature - Wed, 2014-10-01 13:45

Climate policy: Ditch the 2 °C warming goal

Nature 514, 7520 (2014). doi:10.1038/514030a

Authors: David G. Victor & Charles F. Kennel

Average global temperature is not a good indicator of planetary health. Track a range of vital signs instead, urge David G. Victor and Charles F. Kennel.

Categories: General, Nature

Correction

Nature - Wed, 2014-10-01 13:45

Correction

Nature 514, 7520 (2014). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/514018b

The News story 'Seed-patent case in Supreme Court' (Nature494, 289–290; 2013 ) implied that Monsanto patented a method for engineering transgenic crops to produce sterile seeds before 1999. Although it began negotiations in 1998 to acquire the firm

Categories: General, Nature

Predicting impact of climate change on species that can't get out of the way

Science Daily: New Species - Wed, 2014-10-01 13:31
When scientists talk about the consequences of climate change, it can mean more than how we human beings will be impacted by higher temperatures, rising seas and serious storms. Plants and trees are also feeling the change, but they can't move out of the way. Researchers have developed a new tool to overcome a major challenge of predicting how organisms may respond to climate change.
Categories: General, Science Daily

Schön loses last appeal against PhD revocation

Nature Newsblog - Wed, 2014-10-01 10:44

Jan Hendrik Schön

Materials Research Society

The German Federal Constitutional Court in Karlsruhe has confirmed on 1 October that the University of Constance was within its rights to revoke the PhD thesis of physicist Jan Hendrik Schön, who was dismissed in 2002 from Bell laboratories in Murray Hill, New Jersey, for falsifying research results.

Schön was still in his early 30s when he was dismissed after being found guilty of 16 counts of scientific misconduct.

He had worked in nanotechnology and had been considered a star scientist, able to create transistors out of single molecules. He published numerous papers in rapid succession in high-profile journals, including Nature and Science.

Two years later, following local investigations in Germany, the University of Constance decided in to revoke the PhD it had awarded to Schön in 1998. The university said that although it had no evidence that Schön engaged in wrongdoing during his PhD work, he no longer merited the degree because he had brought science into disrepute.

Schön has appealed that decision through different courts, and in 2010 a court in Freiburg ruled that he should get to keep his graduate degree. But the Federal Constitutional Court has the last word, and the university’s decision stands.

 

Categories: General, News

New book list, September 24, 2014

Ernst Mayr Library Blog - Wed, 2014-09-24 10:05

An alphataxonomic revision of extinct and extant razorbills (Aves, Alcidae): a combined morphometric and phylogenetic approach.
By N. Adam Smith and Julia A. Clarke. Washington, D.C.: American Ornithologists’ Union, 2011. HOLLIS# 014169118
QL696.C42 S65 2011

The Crustacea: revised and updated from the Traité de Zoologie. Volume 4, pt. B.
Edited by J. Forest and J.C. von Vaupel Klein; advisory editor, F.R. Schram. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2004- . HOLLIS# 009471158
QL435.C77 2004 v. 4, pt. B

Dinosaurs of Utah.
By Frank DeCourten. Second Edition. Salt Lake City: The University of Utah Press, [2013]. HOLLIS# 014159037
QE862.D2 D42 2013

The evolution of plants.
By K.J. Willis (Biodiversity Institute, University of Oxford), J.C. McElwain (School of Biology & Environmental Science, University College Dublin). Second edition. Oxford, United Kingdom; New York: Oxford University Press, [2014]. HOLLIS# 014159038
QK980.W56 2014

Freshwater fishes of North America. Volume 1: Petromyzontidae to Catostomidae.
Edited by Melvin L. Warren, Jr., and Brooks M. Burr; illustrated by Joseph R. Tomelleri. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014- . HOLLIS# 014151438
QL625.F74 2014 v. 1

HBW and BirdLife International illustrated checklist of the birds of the world. Volume 1. Non-passerines.
By Josep del Hoyo, Nigel J. Collar; with David A. Christie, Andrew Elliott, Lincoln D.C. Fishpool; colour plates by Richard Allen [and 27 others]. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, [2014]- . HOLLIS# 014161900
QL677.H78 2014

In the light of evolution. Volume 7. The human mental machinery.
John C. Avise and Francisco J. Ayala, editors. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press, c2007-. HOLLIS# 011964899
QH359.I55 2007 v. 7

Moths of Europe. Vol. 4, Pyralids 2.
By Patrice Leraut ; foreword by Gaëtan du Chatenet ; translation by Nicholas Flay. [Verrières le Buisson]: N.A.P. Editions, 2006- . HOLLIS# 012194271
QL555.A1 L36 2006 v. 4

Organizing exhibitions: a handbook for museums, libraries and archives.
By Freda Matassa. London: Facet Publishing, [2014]. HOLLIS# 014019994
AM151.M345 2014

Suisun Marsh: ecological history and possible futures.
Edited by Peter B. Moyle, Amber D. Manfree, and Peggy L. Fiedler. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, [2014]. HOLLIS# 014122184
QH105.C2 S874 2014

Tadpoles of Africa: the biology and identification of all known tadpoles in sub-Saharan Africa.
By Alan Channing, Mark-Oliver Rödel, Jenny Channing. Frankfurt am Main: Edition Chimaira, 2012. HOLLIS# 014151390
QL668.E2 C426 2012

Categories: General
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