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Eureka Alert! - 5 hours 36 min ago
(Université de Genève) The malaria parasite is particularly pernicious since it is built to develop resistance to treatments. The lack of new therapeutic approaches also contributes to the persistence of this global scourge. A study led by Didier Picard, professor at the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Geneva, Switzerland, describes a new class of molecules targeting the two problems at the same time.
Eureka Alert! - 5 hours 36 min ago
(European Science Foundation) About 150 scientists, policy makers and members of industry are gathering today at the 4th European Marine Board Forum in Brussels to discuss how best to manage the consequences of a changing Arctic Ocean for human health and well-being. The European Marine Board has convened this flagship event in collaboration with the European Polar Board, working in association with the European Science Foundation.
Melbourne scientists are a step closer to creating a new drug to stop a heart attack in its tracks and reduce the damage caused, without any side effects.
A short-term study found that oral glucosamine supplementation is not associated with a lessening of knee cartilage deterioration among individuals with chronic knee pain. Findings published in Arthritis & Rheumatology, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) journal, indicate that glucosamine does not decrease pain or improve knee bone marrow lesions—more commonly known as bone bruises and thought to be a source of pain in those with osteoarthritis (OA).
The protector species, the weaver ant Oecophylla smaragdina, can also turn predator of the associate species, the jumping spider Phintella piatensis. A timid jumping spider uses the scent of ants as a secret weapon to save itself from becoming the somewhat soggy prey of the predatory spitting spider. The downside to this plan is that jumping spiders are also a favorite snack of its very own saviors. To overcome this additional hazard, the spider has made yet another plan in the form of an ant-proof nest, writes Ximena Nelson of the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and Robert Jackson of the University of Canterbury and the International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology in Kenya, in Springer's journal Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology.
Sometimes it only takes a quick jolt of electricity to get a swarm of cells moving in the right direction.
Nature Newsblog - Tue, 2014-03-11 16:53
Posted on behalf of Jessica Morrison.
Conservative politicians in the US House of Representatives are renewing their push to limit the National Science Foundation’s (NSF) support for social-science research. The agency’s social, behavioural, and economic (SBE) sciences directorate would see its recommended funding cut by 42%, under a proposal introduced on 10 March by Representative Lamar Smith (Republican, Texas), the chairman of the House Science, Space, and Technology Committee.
The legislation, which would reauthorize NSF for fiscal years 2014-15, also seeks major changes to the peer-review process by which the agency awards its grants. Smith’s plan would require the NSF to provide written justification that every grant it awards – in all fields – is in the “national interest”. That is defined broadly as research that satisfies at least one of six goals: economic competitiveness, health and welfare, scientific literacy, partnerships between academia and industry, promotion of scientific progress and national defence.
Details of Smith’s plan first surfaced about a year ago, sparking fierce criticism from social scientists and the broader US research community that seems sure to renew with the release of the new bill. Smith and his supporters argue that in a time of limited budgets, focusing on research areas that produce the clearest benefits is wise. But critics worry that the “national interest” requirement will hobble NSF’s time-tested peer review process.
“We don’t build rockets. We don’t usually have patentable goods,” says Rick Wilson, a political scientist at Rice University in Houston, Texas, and a former NSF programme director. “For a lot of these folks, it may just be that they really don’t believe that what we do has scientific merit.”
The bill recommends a budget of $7.17 billion for NSF in 2014, the current fiscal year – equal to what the agency actually received in the budget deal enacted in January – and $7.29 billion for 2015. In an unusual move, the proposal also lays out a detailed plan for distributing that cash to NSF’s seven research directorates. For example, it seeks to cap SBE funding at $150 million per year in 2014 and 2015, well below the directorate’s actual 2014 budget of $257 million.
“I don’t understand the antagonism toward the social, behavioral, and economic sciences,” says Michael Lubell, director of public affairs for the American Physical Society in Washington DC.
Lubell also finds fault with provisos that would restrict principal investigators to no more than five years of funding for a particular project, and allow researchers to include just five citations in grant proposals.
The full text of the bill can be found here. It will receive a public airing on 13 March, when a House subcommittee plans to discuss and vote on the measure.
Ernst Mayr Library Blog - Thu, 2014-03-06 11:00
Animals on display: the creaturely in museums, zoos, and natural history.
Edited by Liv Emma Thorsen, Karen A. Rader, and Adam Dodd. University Park, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State University Press, . HOLLIS# 013878073
QL71.A1 A55 2013
Antarctic futures: human engagement with the Antarctic environment.
By Tina Tin, Daniela Liggett, Patrick T. Maher, Machiel Lamers, editors. Dordrecht; New York: Springer, . HOLLIS# 013868202
GE320.A6 A58 2014
Are species real? An essay on the metaphysics of species.
By Matthew H. Slater, Bucknell University, USA. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. HOLLIS# 013934523
Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).
By Allen F. Sanborn; with contributions to the bibliography by Martin H. Villet. Amsterdam: Academic Press, 2014. HOLLIS# 013934526
QL527.C5 S26 2013
Ecology and conservation of the maned wolf: multidisciplinary perspectives.
Edited by Adriana G. Consorte-McCrea, Eliana Ferraz Santos. Boca Raton: CRC Press, . HOLLIS# 013934530
QL737.C22 E285 2014
Field identification guide to the living marine resources of the Eastern and Southern Mediterranean = Dalīl ḥaqlī li-taʻyīn huwīyyat al-mawārid al-baḥrīyah al-ḥayyah li-sharqī al-Baḥr al-Mutawassiṭ wa-janūbih.
By M. Bariche. Rome: Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2012. HOLLIS# 013932653
The future of nature: documents of global change.
Edited by Libby Robin, Sverker Sörlin, Paul Warde. New Haven: Yale University Press, ©2013. HOLLIS# 013919196
GE149.F47 2013 [ebook]
The invasive lionfish: assessments and impact management.
Editor, Harris A. Sullivan. New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., . HOLLIS# 013934538
QL638.S42 I53 2013
Kinematics and hydrodynamics of undulatory locomotion in hagfishes (Myxinidae) and hagfish-like robotic models.
By Jeanette Li Li Lim. Thesis, Ph. D., Harvard University, 2013. HOLLIS# 013845517
Neanderthal man: in search of lost genomes.
By Svante Pääbo. New York: Basic Books, . HOLLIS# 013931031
Octopus! The most mysterious creature in the sea.
By Katherine Harmon Courage. New York, New York: Current, 2013. HOLLIS# 013934541
QL430.3.O2 C678 2013
The origin of species: The making of a theory — The beak of the finch — Lizards in an evolutionary tree. [DVD]
Version 1.0. Chevy Chase, Md.: Howard Hughes Medical Institute, c2013. HOLLIS# 013915181
The Peace-Athabasca Delta: portrait of a dynamic ecosystem.
By Kevin P. Timoney. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, c2013. HOLLIS# 013805830
QH106.2.A42 T56 2013 [ebook]
The physiology of fishes.
Edited by David H. Evans, James B. Claiborne, Suzanne Currie. Fourth edition. Boca Raton: CRC Press, . HOLLIS# 013934542
Primates and cetaceans: field research and conservation of complex mammalian societies.
Juichi Yamagiwa, Leszek Karczmarski, editors. Tokyo; New York: Springer, . HOLLIS# 013925243
Quagga and zebra mussels: biology, impacts, and control.
Edited by Thomas F. Nalepa and Don Schloesser. Second edition. Boca Raton: CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group, . HOLLIS# 013934543
QL430.7.D8 Z45 2014
A rapid marine biological assessment of Timor-Leste.
Contributors, Mark Erdmann, Gerald Allen, Emre Turak, Lyndon Devantier, and Candice Mohan; edited by Mark Erdmann and Candice Mohan. Arlington, VA: Conservation International; Dili, Timor-Leste: Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Security, . HOLLIS# 013934544
Rare Birds of North America.
By Steve N.G. Howell, Ian Lewington, and Will Russell. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, . HOLLIS# 013921109
Bird QL676.7 .H68 2014
Report of the first meeting of the CFMC/OSPESCA/WECAFC/CRFM Working Group on Queen Conch: Panama City, Panama, 23-25 October 2012 = Rapport de la première réunion de la CFMC/OSPESCA/COPACO/CRFM Groupe de travail sur le strombe rosé = Informe de la primera reunión del Grupo de trabajo de CFMC/OSPESCA/COPACO/CRFM sobre el caracol rosado.
Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, . HOLLIS# 013933082
SH373.6.Q43 C45 2012
Report of the Fourteenth Session of the Commission: Panama City, Panama, 6-9 February 2012 = Rapport de la Quatorzième Session de la Commission: Panama, Panama, 6-9 février 2012 = Informe de la Decimocuarta Reunión de la Comisión: Cuidad de Panamá, Panamá, 6-9 de febrero de 2012.
Bridgetown, Barbados: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Subregional Office for the Caribbean, c2012. HOLLIS# 013933065
SH233.A1 W37 2012
Tropical fruit flies (Tephritidae, Dacinae) of South-East Asia: Indomalaya to north-west Australasia.
By Richard A.I. Drew and Meredith C. Romig, International Centre for the Management of Pest Fruit Flies, Griffith University, Australia. Asia Boston, MA: CABI, . HOLLIS# 013905628
QL537.M6 D695 2013
Water transport, embolism recovery and water storage in trees.
By James Kenneth Wheeler. Thesis, Ph. D., Harvard University, 2013. HOLLIS# 013936514
- A tailor made molecule against malaria
- Arctic 2050: Towards ecosystem-based management in a changing Arctic Ocean
- Scientists unlock potential heart attack drug without side effects
- Glucosamine fails to prevent deterioration of knee cartilage, decrease pain
- Timid jumping spider uses ant as bodyguard
- Scientists 'herd' cells in new approach to tissue engineering
- Legislation seeks to restrict NSF’s social science programmes
- New book list, February 26, 2014