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Benefits of sharing
Nature 530, 7589 (2016). doi:10.1038/530129a
A swift and effective response to emerging infectious diseases demands that researchers have ready access to the latest data on the pathogens responsible. There is still a long way to go to ensure this.
Emissions reduction: Scrutinize CO2 removal methods
Nature 530, 7589 (2016). doi:10.1038/530153a
Author: Phil Williamson
The viability and environmental risks of removing carbon dioxide from the air must be assessed if we are to achieve the Paris goals, writes Phil Williamson.
Global warming: Shareholders must vote for climate-change mitigation
Nature 530, 7589 (2016). doi:10.1038/530156a
Authors: Howard Covington, James Thornton & Cameron Hepburn
Investors who are standing idly by as emissions erode the value of their stock could find themselves in court, warn Howard Covington and colleagues.
(European Molecular Biology Laboratory - European Bioinformatics Institute) Independent analysis of EMBL-EBI underscores the value and impact of open data in the life science. Public molecular data and services contribute to the wider realization of future research impacts worth £920 million every year. Annual direct efficiency impact estimated at between £1 billion and £5 billion per annum.
(University of Copenhagen The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences) For years, scientists have failed to locate the DNA variants that control the weight-regulating hormone, leptin. However, new research has enabled the identification of four genes associated with leptin levels, which is particularly relevant within an obesity context. The study focuses on the powerful hormone leptin, which regulates humans' long-term energy balance by informing the brain about the amount of stored body fat.
(VIB (the Flanders Institute for Biotechnology)) The ocean is the largest carbon sink on the planet. The community of planktonic organisms involved in the removal of carbon from the upper layers of the ocean has now been described by oceanographers, biologists and computer scientists, from CNRS, UPMC, Nantes University, VIB, EMBL and CEA. This first overview of the network of species linked to the oceanic biological pump revealed new players as well as the main bacterial functions participating in the process.
(Chalmers University of Technology) The 21st century will most likely see even more revolutionary changes than the 20th, due to advances in science, technology and medicine. The potential benefits of all these technologies are enormous, but so are the risks, including the possibility of human extinction. This book is a passionate plea for doing our best to map the territories ahead of us, and for acting with foresight.
(University of the Witwatersrand) Two new hominin specimens, a finger bone and a molar, that were found in South Africa's Sterkfontein Caves seem to be from early hominins that can be associated with early stone tool-bearing sediments that entered the cave more than two million years ago.
(University of Leeds) Scientists at the University of Leeds will run the equivalent of password cracking software to find the chemical keys to defeating the Ebola virus.
(Pensoft Publishers) The huge variability among the desert tortoise populations of Mexico has finally been given an explanation after casting doubts for several decades. The puzzle was solved by an international team of researchers, who found out that there has been a previously unknown third sister species all along. Moreover, unlike their predecessors, the team have managed to provide enough evidence to prove its existence. Their study is published in the open-access journal ZooKeys.
(Pensoft Publishers) While researching the understudied fauna of the genus Epizoanthus in the Indo-Pacific Ocean, Japanese scientists focused on examining species living with eunicid worms, where they form a colony on the outside of the worm's tube. Although these zoantharians often live in areas that are tough to reach, and despite the species tending to be indistinguishable on the outside, the present research, published in the open-access journal ZooKeys, reports the discovery of two new species.
(University of Helsinki) Multinational outbreaks of food-borne pathogens cause considerable threats to European public health. Implementing a whole genome sequencing (WGS) in routine surveillance and outbreak investigations is becoming a strategic goal for many public health authorities all over the world. With this in mind a group of researchers have developed an initiative called INNUENDO, which aims to deliver a cross-sectorial framework of bacterial WGS integration in routine surveillance and epidemiological investigations.
(University of Liverpool) A research team from the University of Liverpool has reached an important milestone towards creating a urine diagnostic test for prostate cancer that could mean that invasive diagnostic procedures that men currently undergo eventually become a thing of the past.
- Benefits of sharing
- Emissions reduction: Scrutinize CO2 removal methods
- Global warming: Shareholders must vote for climate-change mitigation
- Value and impact of open data
- Researchers come up with new answers concerning a weight-regulating hormone
- Plankton network linked to ocean's biological carbon pump revealed
- Here be dragons: Science, technology and the future of humanity
- South Africa's Sterkfontein Caves produce 2 new hominin fossils
- Researchers to use supercomputer to 'hack' Ebola
- The third sister: Long-suspected third desert tortoise species proven to exist in Mexico