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Human sense of fairness evolved to favor long-term cooperation, primate study suggests

Science Daily: New Species - 3 hours 30 min ago
The human response to unfairness evolved in order to support long-term cooperation, according to a new research. Fairness is a social ideal that cannot be measured, so to understand the evolution of fairness in humans scientists have studied the behavioral responses to equal versus unequal reward division in other primates.
Categories: General, Science Daily

Tropical rabbitfish a threat to Mediterranean Sea ecosystems

Science Daily: New Species - 7 hours 25 min ago
The tropical rabbitfish, which have devastated algal forests in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, pose a major threat to the entire Mediterranean basin if their distribution continues to expand as the climate warms, a new study warns. Researchers surveyed more than 1000 kilometers of coastline in Turkey and Greece, where two species of plant-eating rabbitfish have become dominant, and found regions with abundant rabbitfish had become rocky barrens.
Categories: General, Science Daily

Parts of genome without a known function may play a key role in the birth of new proteins

Biology News - Wed, 2014-09-17 18:48

Researchers in Biomedical Informatics at IMIM (Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute) and at the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC) have recently published a study in eLife showing that RNA called non-coding (IncRNA) plays an important role in the evolution of new proteins, some of which could have important cell functions yet to be discovered.

Categories: Biology News, General

Iberian pig genome remains unchanged after 5 centuries

Biology News - Wed, 2014-09-17 18:48

A team of Spanish researchers have obtained the first partial genome sequence of an ancient pig. Extracted from a sixteenth century pig found at the site of the Montsoriu Castle in Girona, the data obtained indicates that this ancient pig is closely related to today's Iberian pig. Researchers also discard the hypothesis that Asian pigs were crossed with modern Iberian pigs.

Categories: Biology News, General

Counting fish teeth reveals regulatory DNA changes behind rapid evolution, adaptation

Biology News - Wed, 2014-09-17 18:48


These are adult marine (top) and freshwater (bottom) threespine sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) stained with a red dye that labels calcified bone. Sticklebacks, the roaches of the fish world, are the ideal animal in which to study the genes that control body shape. They've moved from the ocean into tens of thousands of freshwater streams and lakes around the world, each time changing their skeleton to adapt to the new environment.

Categories: Biology News, General

Gut bacteria, artificial sweeteners and glucose intolerance

Biology News - Wed, 2014-09-17 18:48


This image depicts gut microbiota. Artificial sweeteners, promoted as aids to weight loss and diabetes prevention, could actually hasten the development of glucose intolerance and metabolic disease; and they do it in a surprising way: by changing the composition and function of the gut microbiota – the substantial population of bacteria residing in our intestines. These findings, the results of experiments in mice and humans, were published today in Nature. Among other things, says Dr. Eran Elinav of the Weizmann Institute's Immunology Department, who led this research together with Prof. Eran Segal of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics Department, the widespread use of artificial sweeteners in drinks and food may be contributing to the obesity and diabetes epidemic that is sweeping much of the world.

Categories: Biology News, General

New book list, September 10, 2014

Ernst Mayr Library Blog - Thu, 2014-09-11 09:12

Advances in freshwater decapod systematics and biology.
By Darren C.J. Yeo, Neil Cumberlidge, and Sebastian Klaus (editors). Boston: Brill, 2014. HOLLIS# 014151454
QL444.M33 A33 2014

De amfibieën en reptielen van Nederland.
Onder redactie van Raymond C.M. Creemers, Jeroen J.C.W. van Delft; met bijdragen van Jan W. Arntzen … [et al.]. Leiden: Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum Naturalis, 2009. HOLLIS# 012758935
QL643.A44 2009 [with CD-ROM]

Biodiversity of the Four Corners area: technical reviews. Volumes 1-2.
AWF Four Corners TBNRM Project. Harare: Zambezi Society; Bulawayo, Zimbabwe: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa, [2004]. HOLLIS# 010238555
QH195.C37 B56 2004

Codon evolution: mechanisms and models.
Edited by Gina M. Cannarozzi, Adrian Schneider. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2012. HOLLIS# 013227861
QH390.C63 2012

Conservation assessment of butterflies of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland: red list and atlas.
Edited by S. Mecenero … [et al.]. Johannesburg: Saftronics (Pty) Ltd. and the Animal Demography Unit, 2013. HOLLIS# 014032748
QL557.S6 C66 2013

Conservation biology: foundations, concepts, applications.
By Fred Van Dyke; illustrators and permissions assistants, Michael J. Bigelow, Lauren Anderson; editorial assistant, Jo Ebihara. 2nd ed. [United States]: Springer, c2008. HOLLIS# 014152294
QH75.V37 2008 [on reserve—ask at the circulation desk]

Contributions to the history of herpetology. Volume 1, revised and expanded: Issued to commemorate the I World Congress of Herpetology, Canterbury.
Edited by Kraig Adler. Oxford, Ohio: S.S.A.R., 1989- . HOLLIS# 001838687
Herp. QL640.C6 1989 v. 1 rev.

A democracy of facts: natural history in the early republic.
By Andrew J. Lewis. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, c2011. HOLLIS# 012750976
QH21.U6 L48 2011

Ecoregions: the ecosystem geography of the oceans and continents.
By Robert G. Bailey. 2nd edition. Berlin: Springer, 2014. HOLLIS# 014119438
QH541.15.E248 B24 2014

Essentials of ecology.
By Michael Begon, Robert W. Howarth, Colin R. Townsend. 4th edition. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2014. HOLLIS# 014012567
QH541.B44 2014

The evolution of phylogenetic systematics.
Edited by Andrew Hamilton. Berkeley: University of California Press, [2014]. HOLLIS# 014151342
QH83.E96 2014eb [e-book]

Experimental evolution and the nature of biodiversity.
By Rees Kassen (Department of Biology, University of Ottawa). Greenwood Village, Colorado: Roberts and Company, [2014]. HOLLIS# 014151345
QH541.15.B56 K37 2014

The extracellular matrix: an overview.
Robert P. Mecham, editor. Berlin; New York: Springer Verlag, c2011. HOLLIS# 014153703
QP88.23.E952 2011

A feathered river across the sky: the passenger pigeon’s flight to extinction.
By Joel Greenberg. First U.S. edition. New York: Bloomsbury, 2014. HOLLIS# 013907148
QL696.C6 G74 2014

Fresh-water birds of Ireland.
Text by Jim Wilson; images by Mark Carmody. Wilton, Cork: Collins Press, 2011. HOLLIS# 014151398
QL690.I7 W55 2011

From taxonomy to phylogenetics: life and work of Willi Hennig.
By Michael Schmitt. Leiden; Boston: Brill, [2013]. HOLLIS# 014151347
QH31.H3585 S36 2013eb [e-book]

The Galapagos: a natural history.
By Henry Nicholls. New York: Basic Books, a member of the Perseus Books Group, [2014]. HOLLIS# 014151349
QH198.G3 N53 2014eb [e-book]

Greifvögel in Deutschland: Bestand, Situation, Schutz.
Hrsg. von Achim Kostrzewa und Gero Speer; unter Mitarb. von E. Bezzel … [et al.]. 2., vollst. neu bearb. und erw. Aufl. Wiebelsheim: Aula, 2001. HOLLIS# 007922357
QL696.F3 G735 2001

Guldholmen Mai 2013: ornitologiske registreringer med hovedvekt på trekkende sjøfugl.
By Bjørn R. Eriksen. Halden: G. Hardeng, 2013. HOLLIS# 014137257
QL690.S8 E74 2013

How to write and publish a scientific paper.
By Robert A. Day and Barbara Gastel. 7th ed. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Greenwood, c2011. HOLLIS# 014151371
Ref. T11.D33 2011

Inland aquaculture in Western Australia: establishing an aquaculture operation: overview and licensing.
Published by Department of Fisheries. Perth, WA: Department of Fisheries, February 2013. HOLLIS# 014151895
SH317.I54 2013

Insect virology.
Edited by Sassan Asgari and Karyn N. Johnson. Norfolk, UK: Caister Academic, c2010. HOLLIS# 014151395
QR327.I572 2010

Mass production of beneficial organisms: invertebrates and entomopathogens.
Edited by Juan A. Morales-Ramos, M. Guadalupe Rojas, David I. Shapiro-Ilan. London: Elsevier Science, 2014. HOLLIS# 014151364
SF517.M27 2014eb [e-book]

A method for determining a fee for access to the aquatic environment for aquaculture and pearling purposes: Water Lease Fees Working Group report to the Hon Minister Norman Moore, MLC Minister for Fisheries, July 2011.
Department of Fisheries. Perth, WA: Department of Fisheries, February 2013. HOLLIS# 014151889
SH375.M37 2013

Peru: Ere-Campuya-Algodón.
Nigel Pitman [and ten others], editores/editors. Chicago: The Field Museum, [2013]. HOLLIS# 014122166
QH128.P47 2013

Recreational fishing in Western Australia: fish identification guide.

Perth, Western Australia: Department of Fisheries, February 2013. HOLLIS# 014151824
SH317.R43 2013

Review of report on the “Status of nearshore finfish stocks in south-western Western Australia: Australian herring and tailor”.
Prepared by Keith Jones, Sillago Research Pty Ltd for the Department of Fisheries, Western Australia. Perth, Western Australia: Department of Fisheries, 2013. HOLLIS# 014151921
SH317.J65 2013

Review of the Western Australian Rock Lobster stock assessment: report to Western Australian, Department of fisheries.
By André E. Punt. Perth, W.A.: Department of Fisheries, 2011. HOLLIS# 014151908
SH380.2.A8 P85 2011

Die Säugetiere Deutschlands: Beobachten und Bestimmen.
[By] Eckhard Grimmberger. 1. Auflage. Wiebelsheim: Quelle & Meyer Verlag, 2014. HOLLIS# 014137371
QL728.G3 G75 2014

Tapeworms, lice, and prions: a compendium of unpleasant infections.
By David I. Grove. First edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. HOLLIS# 014151365
RA639.G76 2014eb [e-book]

The trilobite book: a visual journey.
By Riccardo Levi-Setti. Chicago; London: University of Chicago Press, 2014. HOLLIS# 014151367
QE821.L455 2014eb [e-book]

Wild again: the struggle to save the black-footed ferret.
By David Jachowski. Berkeley: University of California Press, [2014]. HOLLIS# 013995887
QL737.C25 J32 2014eb [e-book]

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