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Tropical rabbitfish a threat to Mediterranean Sea ecosystems

Science Daily: New Species - 3 hours 25 min ago
The tropical rabbitfish, which have devastated algal forests in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, pose a major threat to the entire Mediterranean basin if their distribution continues to expand as the climate warms, a new study warns. Researchers surveyed more than 1000 kilometers of coastline in Turkey and Greece, where two species of plant-eating rabbitfish have become dominant, and found regions with abundant rabbitfish had become rocky barrens.
Categories: General, Science Daily

Elsevier and Australasian Research Management Society award scientists at Scopus ceremony

Eureka Alert! - 13 hours 42 min ago
(Elsevier) Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, and the Australasian Research Management Society, recognized the academic research achievements of 17 young scientists at the 5th Scopus Young Researcher of the Year Awards.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

Greenhouse gas research enters a new era

Eureka Alert! - 13 hours 42 min ago
(University of Helsinki) Greenhouse gas researchers will convene in Brussels 23-26 Sept. 2014, at the first ICOS Science Conference that brings together more than 200 scientists to discuss the recent results and future efforts in greenhouse gas science.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

Tropical fish a threat to Mediterranean Sea ecosystems

Eureka Alert! - 13 hours 42 min ago
(University of New South Wales) The tropical rabbitfish which have devastated algal forests in the eastern Mediterranean Sea pose a major threat to the entire Mediterranean basin if their distribution continues to expand as the climate warms, a new study warns. Researchers surveyed more than 1000 kilometers of coastline in Turkey and Greece, where two species of plant-eating rabbitfish have become dominant, and found regions with abundant rabbitfish had become rocky barrens.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

3rd annual Golden Goose award ceremony honors 8 researchers; Unusual work had big results

Eureka Alert! - 13 hours 42 min ago
(Association of American Universities) Eight researchers from several disciplines will be celebrated tonight at the third annual Golden Goose Award ceremony for their roles in improving the health of premature infants and in paving the way for the telecommunications and supercomputing revolutions. The researchers, whose work was supported by the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health and the former Atomic Energy Commission, will be honored at a ceremony at the Library of Congress in Washington, DC.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

Hepatitis C virus proteins in space

Eureka Alert! - 13 hours 42 min ago
(Technische Universitaet Muenchen) Two researchers at Technische Universität München have won the 'International Space Station Research Competition' with their project 'Egypt Against Hepatitis C Virus.' As their prize, the scientists will see the International Space Station crew perform experiments on the space station. The project involves crystallizing two proteins of the hepatitis C virus under microgravity conditions. The shuttle bringing these proteins to the International Space Station is scheduled to lift off from Cape Canaveral on Sept. 20.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

Dogs can be pessimists too

Eureka Alert! - 13 hours 42 min ago
(University of Sydney) Dr Melissa Starling is the lead author of research published in PLOS on cognitive bias in dogs.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

Kids eat better if their parents went to college

Eureka Alert! - 13 hours 42 min ago
(University of British Columbia) Children of college-educated parents eat more vegetables and drink less sugar, according to a new study from the University of British Columbia. But it's still not enough, the study goes on to say, as all kids are falling short when it comes to eating healthier at school.The research suggests a parent's educational attainment, an indicator of socioeconomic status, may inform a child's diet.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

Americans rate losing eyesight as having greatest impact on their lives

Eureka Alert! - 13 hours 42 min ago
(Research!America) Many Americans across racial and ethnic groups describe losing eyesight as potentially having the greatest impact on their day-to-day life, more so than other conditions including: loss of limb, memory, hearing and speech (57 percent of African-Americans, 49 percent of non-Hispanic whites, 43 percent of Asians and 38 percent of Hispanics).
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Want to link genes to complex traits? Start with more diversity

Eureka Alert! - 13 hours 42 min ago
(Genetics Society of America) Life is rarely simple. From crop yields to disease risks, the biological characteristics people care most about are considered 'complex traits,' making it hard to identify the genes involved. Standard methods for tracking down such genes usually only implicate a broad genomic region, and the identities of the crucial gene/s remain a mystery. Now, geneticists are embracing a powerful approach that pinpoints more precise areas of the genome.
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Scientists pioneer microscopy technique that yields fresh data on muscular dystrophy

Eureka Alert! - 13 hours 42 min ago
(University of Southern California) New microscopy technique yields resolution an order of magnitude better than previously possible.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

How stress tears us apart

Eureka Alert! - 13 hours 42 min ago
(Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne) Chronic stress can lead to behavioral problems. A team from the Brain Mind Institute has discovered an important synaptic mechanism: the activation of a cleaving enzyme, leading to these problems.
Categories: Eureka Alert!, General

Parts of genome without a known function may play a key role in the birth of new proteins

Biology News - Wed, 2014-09-17 18:48

Researchers in Biomedical Informatics at IMIM (Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute) and at the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC) have recently published a study in eLife showing that RNA called non-coding (IncRNA) plays an important role in the evolution of new proteins, some of which could have important cell functions yet to be discovered.

Categories: Biology News, General

Iberian pig genome remains unchanged after 5 centuries

Biology News - Wed, 2014-09-17 18:48

A team of Spanish researchers have obtained the first partial genome sequence of an ancient pig. Extracted from a sixteenth century pig found at the site of the Montsoriu Castle in Girona, the data obtained indicates that this ancient pig is closely related to today's Iberian pig. Researchers also discard the hypothesis that Asian pigs were crossed with modern Iberian pigs.

Categories: Biology News, General

Counting fish teeth reveals regulatory DNA changes behind rapid evolution, adaptation

Biology News - Wed, 2014-09-17 18:48


These are adult marine (top) and freshwater (bottom) threespine sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) stained with a red dye that labels calcified bone. Sticklebacks, the roaches of the fish world, are the ideal animal in which to study the genes that control body shape. They've moved from the ocean into tens of thousands of freshwater streams and lakes around the world, each time changing their skeleton to adapt to the new environment.

Categories: Biology News, General

Gut bacteria, artificial sweeteners and glucose intolerance

Biology News - Wed, 2014-09-17 18:48


This image depicts gut microbiota. Artificial sweeteners, promoted as aids to weight loss and diabetes prevention, could actually hasten the development of glucose intolerance and metabolic disease; and they do it in a surprising way: by changing the composition and function of the gut microbiota – the substantial population of bacteria residing in our intestines. These findings, the results of experiments in mice and humans, were published today in Nature. Among other things, says Dr. Eran Elinav of the Weizmann Institute's Immunology Department, who led this research together with Prof. Eran Segal of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics Department, the widespread use of artificial sweeteners in drinks and food may be contributing to the obesity and diabetes epidemic that is sweeping much of the world.

Categories: Biology News, General

New book list, September 10, 2014

Ernst Mayr Library Blog - Thu, 2014-09-11 09:12

Advances in freshwater decapod systematics and biology.
By Darren C.J. Yeo, Neil Cumberlidge, and Sebastian Klaus (editors). Boston: Brill, 2014. HOLLIS# 014151454
QL444.M33 A33 2014

De amfibieën en reptielen van Nederland.
Onder redactie van Raymond C.M. Creemers, Jeroen J.C.W. van Delft; met bijdragen van Jan W. Arntzen … [et al.]. Leiden: Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum Naturalis, 2009. HOLLIS# 012758935
QL643.A44 2009 [with CD-ROM]

Biodiversity of the Four Corners area: technical reviews. Volumes 1-2.
AWF Four Corners TBNRM Project. Harare: Zambezi Society; Bulawayo, Zimbabwe: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa, [2004]. HOLLIS# 010238555
QH195.C37 B56 2004

Codon evolution: mechanisms and models.
Edited by Gina M. Cannarozzi, Adrian Schneider. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2012. HOLLIS# 013227861
QH390.C63 2012

Conservation assessment of butterflies of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland: red list and atlas.
Edited by S. Mecenero … [et al.]. Johannesburg: Saftronics (Pty) Ltd. and the Animal Demography Unit, 2013. HOLLIS# 014032748
QL557.S6 C66 2013

Conservation biology: foundations, concepts, applications.
By Fred Van Dyke; illustrators and permissions assistants, Michael J. Bigelow, Lauren Anderson; editorial assistant, Jo Ebihara. 2nd ed. [United States]: Springer, c2008. HOLLIS# 014152294
QH75.V37 2008 [on reserve—ask at the circulation desk]

Contributions to the history of herpetology. Volume 1, revised and expanded: Issued to commemorate the I World Congress of Herpetology, Canterbury.
Edited by Kraig Adler. Oxford, Ohio: S.S.A.R., 1989- . HOLLIS# 001838687
Herp. QL640.C6 1989 v. 1 rev.

A democracy of facts: natural history in the early republic.
By Andrew J. Lewis. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, c2011. HOLLIS# 012750976
QH21.U6 L48 2011

Ecoregions: the ecosystem geography of the oceans and continents.
By Robert G. Bailey. 2nd edition. Berlin: Springer, 2014. HOLLIS# 014119438
QH541.15.E248 B24 2014

Essentials of ecology.
By Michael Begon, Robert W. Howarth, Colin R. Townsend. 4th edition. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2014. HOLLIS# 014012567
QH541.B44 2014

The evolution of phylogenetic systematics.
Edited by Andrew Hamilton. Berkeley: University of California Press, [2014]. HOLLIS# 014151342
QH83.E96 2014eb [e-book]

Experimental evolution and the nature of biodiversity.
By Rees Kassen (Department of Biology, University of Ottawa). Greenwood Village, Colorado: Roberts and Company, [2014]. HOLLIS# 014151345
QH541.15.B56 K37 2014

The extracellular matrix: an overview.
Robert P. Mecham, editor. Berlin; New York: Springer Verlag, c2011. HOLLIS# 014153703
QP88.23.E952 2011

A feathered river across the sky: the passenger pigeon’s flight to extinction.
By Joel Greenberg. First U.S. edition. New York: Bloomsbury, 2014. HOLLIS# 013907148
QL696.C6 G74 2014

Fresh-water birds of Ireland.
Text by Jim Wilson; images by Mark Carmody. Wilton, Cork: Collins Press, 2011. HOLLIS# 014151398
QL690.I7 W55 2011

From taxonomy to phylogenetics: life and work of Willi Hennig.
By Michael Schmitt. Leiden; Boston: Brill, [2013]. HOLLIS# 014151347
QH31.H3585 S36 2013eb [e-book]

The Galapagos: a natural history.
By Henry Nicholls. New York: Basic Books, a member of the Perseus Books Group, [2014]. HOLLIS# 014151349
QH198.G3 N53 2014eb [e-book]

Greifvögel in Deutschland: Bestand, Situation, Schutz.
Hrsg. von Achim Kostrzewa und Gero Speer; unter Mitarb. von E. Bezzel … [et al.]. 2., vollst. neu bearb. und erw. Aufl. Wiebelsheim: Aula, 2001. HOLLIS# 007922357
QL696.F3 G735 2001

Guldholmen Mai 2013: ornitologiske registreringer med hovedvekt på trekkende sjøfugl.
By Bjørn R. Eriksen. Halden: G. Hardeng, 2013. HOLLIS# 014137257
QL690.S8 E74 2013

How to write and publish a scientific paper.
By Robert A. Day and Barbara Gastel. 7th ed. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Greenwood, c2011. HOLLIS# 014151371
Ref. T11.D33 2011

Inland aquaculture in Western Australia: establishing an aquaculture operation: overview and licensing.
Published by Department of Fisheries. Perth, WA: Department of Fisheries, February 2013. HOLLIS# 014151895
SH317.I54 2013

Insect virology.
Edited by Sassan Asgari and Karyn N. Johnson. Norfolk, UK: Caister Academic, c2010. HOLLIS# 014151395
QR327.I572 2010

Mass production of beneficial organisms: invertebrates and entomopathogens.
Edited by Juan A. Morales-Ramos, M. Guadalupe Rojas, David I. Shapiro-Ilan. London: Elsevier Science, 2014. HOLLIS# 014151364
SF517.M27 2014eb [e-book]

A method for determining a fee for access to the aquatic environment for aquaculture and pearling purposes: Water Lease Fees Working Group report to the Hon Minister Norman Moore, MLC Minister for Fisheries, July 2011.
Department of Fisheries. Perth, WA: Department of Fisheries, February 2013. HOLLIS# 014151889
SH375.M37 2013

Peru: Ere-Campuya-Algodón.
Nigel Pitman [and ten others], editores/editors. Chicago: The Field Museum, [2013]. HOLLIS# 014122166
QH128.P47 2013

Recreational fishing in Western Australia: fish identification guide.

Perth, Western Australia: Department of Fisheries, February 2013. HOLLIS# 014151824
SH317.R43 2013

Review of report on the “Status of nearshore finfish stocks in south-western Western Australia: Australian herring and tailor”.
Prepared by Keith Jones, Sillago Research Pty Ltd for the Department of Fisheries, Western Australia. Perth, Western Australia: Department of Fisheries, 2013. HOLLIS# 014151921
SH317.J65 2013

Review of the Western Australian Rock Lobster stock assessment: report to Western Australian, Department of fisheries.
By André E. Punt. Perth, W.A.: Department of Fisheries, 2011. HOLLIS# 014151908
SH380.2.A8 P85 2011

Die Säugetiere Deutschlands: Beobachten und Bestimmen.
[By] Eckhard Grimmberger. 1. Auflage. Wiebelsheim: Quelle & Meyer Verlag, 2014. HOLLIS# 014137371
QL728.G3 G75 2014

Tapeworms, lice, and prions: a compendium of unpleasant infections.
By David I. Grove. First edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. HOLLIS# 014151365
RA639.G76 2014eb [e-book]

The trilobite book: a visual journey.
By Riccardo Levi-Setti. Chicago; London: University of Chicago Press, 2014. HOLLIS# 014151367
QE821.L455 2014eb [e-book]

Wild again: the struggle to save the black-footed ferret.
By David Jachowski. Berkeley: University of California Press, [2014]. HOLLIS# 013995887
QL737.C25 J32 2014eb [e-book]

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